Tens of thousands of lives have been saved by extracorporeal life support.
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is only used for the most ill of ill patients; patients that need more than a typical ‘life-support’ machine to keep their organs functioning. This could be a mother who’s been in a tragic accident, a brother waiting for an organ transplant, or a grandparent dealing with end-stage heart failure. In their time of need, ECMO may be the only technology to help them pull through. But because of how these ECMO machines work, patients are exposed to oxygen levels far higher than a healthy person would be.
While ECMO can be an extremely useful, life-saving tool, these oxygen levels also put the patient at risk of other complications – like blood clotting. Rylan, a researcher with the Critical Care Research Group, wanted to know whether these ECMO machines could lead to increased blood clotting for these already critically ill patients.
He set out to test this theory, and using a circulation loop, was able to mimic the effect an ECMO machine would have on blood cells. It was just as he expected – the higher oxygen levels increased the chances of blood clotting, which in an ICU setting could be fatal. Now, he hopes to work on translating this research into real clinical outcomes, and eventually save more lives.
The Prince Charles Hospital is one of the leading ECMO centres worldwide, and Rylan is just one of the researchers working for better outcomes. As he says, “It’s impossible to identify a single inspiration for the work we do, but at the foundation of our research are two equally important motivators. The opportunity to improve the care we offer to the most vulnerable patients is combined with an insatiable drive to understand the mysteries of medicine.”
When a patient's heart and lungs begin to fail, they are often put on a treatment called extra corporeal membrane oxygenation, or ECMO for short. These life-support systems are often the last chance to help critically ill patients recover by helping to pump blood and oxygen around the body. From infants to children and adults, these amazing machines have saved tens of thousands of lives worldwide.
Research has shown that the inability to talk can lead to depression, social withdrawal, lack of motivation to participate in self-care, and more. This is a common issue that occurs in intensive care units (or ICUs) all over the world - patients that require a tracheostomy (a procedure that involves inserting a tube through the windpipe to create an alternative airway for breathing) lose the ability to speak, as oxygen isn't make its way past their vocal chords.